Security threats are constantly fighting cyber threats and risks that compromise both companies and individuals. These threats can put your personal and confidential information at risk. As soon as one threat is eliminated by experts, another one pops up in its place. Cyber criminals have learned how to be one step ahead and continue to evolve and switch tactics to get what they are after. Does this mean you cannot protect yourself against cyber attacks? It is possible to reduce the risk by learning about the common cyber security threats that may occur. Let’s take a look at some:
Denial of Service (DoS) and Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks
The resources of a system are overwhelmed in a DoS attack, which prevents it from responding to service requests. A DDoS attack is also aimed at the resources, but a large number of other host machines are used in it and are infected by malicious software. This cyber threat is distinguished by the fact that it doesn’t benefit the cyber-criminal because it doesn’t provide them any access. It is either used for attacking the resources of the victim or to take a system offline in order to make it vulnerable to other threats.
One of the most common cybersecurity threats is none other than phishing in which emails are sent to people from what appear to be trusted resources. The purpose is either to influence users to do something or to gain personal information. Technical trickery and social engineering are combined in phishing. The email may contain an attachment that downloads malware on your computer or it contains an illegitimate link that can infect your device with malware or trick you into sharing personal information. There are several ways you can circumvent a phishing attack and you can find some great tips here at on this website to help you out.
As passwords are the most widely used mechanism for authenticating users, an effective cyber-attack approach is to obtain passwords. There are different tricks that can be used for obtaining passwords such as social engineering, outright guessing, getting access to a password database or ‘sniffing’ the network connection for accessing unencrypted passwords. An account lockout policy that will lock your account after several invalid password attempts is a great way of staying safe from password attacks.
Network traffic is intercepted during an eavesdropping attack and this cyber threat is used for obtaining credit card numbers, passwords and other confidential information that users send over a network. There are two kinds of eavesdropping; passive, in which the hacker listens to the message transmission in the network for detecting information and then there is active eavesdropping, in which a hacker disguises himself as a friendly unit and sends queries. This is known as scanning, probing or tampering. The best countermeasure for this attack is data encryption.
These are some common cyber security threats that one should be aware of in order to stay safe as much as possible.